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V635. Consider inspecting the expressio…
Analyzer Diagnostics
General Analysis (C++)
General Analysis (C#)
General Analysis (Java)
Diagnosis of micro-optimizations (C++)
Diagnosis of 64-bit errors (Viva64, C++)
MISRA errors
AUTOSAR errors
Additional information
Contents

V635. Consider inspecting the expression. The length should probably be multiplied by the sizeof(wchar_t).

July 20, 2012

The analyzer has detected a potential error: a memory amount of incorrect size is allocated to store a string in the UNICODE format.

This error usually occurs when the 'strlen' or 'wcslen' function is used to calculate an array size. Programmers often forget to multiply the resulting number of characters by sizeof(wchar_t). As a result, an array overrun may occur.

Consider an example of incorrect code:

wchar_t src[] = L"abc";
wchar_t *dst = (wchar_t *)malloc(wcslen(src) + 1);
wcscpy(dst, src);

In this case, it's just 4 bytes that will be allocated. Since the 'wchar_t' type's size is 2 or 4 bytes depending on the data model, this memory amount may appear insufficient. To correct the mistake you should multiply the expression inside 'malloc' by 'sizeof(wchar_t)'.

This is the correct code:

wchar_t *dst =
  (wchar_t *)malloc((wcslen(src) + 1) * sizeof(wchar_t));

This diagnostic is classified as:

You can look at examples of errors detected by the V635 diagnostic.

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