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V3514. AUTOSAR. The 'switch' statement …
Analyzer diagnostics
General Analysis (C++)
General Analysis (C#)
General Analysis (Java)
Diagnosis of micro-optimizations (C++)
Diagnosis of 64-bit errors (Viva64, C++)
MISRA errors
AUTOSAR errors
Additional information
Contents

V3514. AUTOSAR. The 'switch' statement should have 'default' as the last label.

Mar 03 2021

This diagnostic rule is based on the software development guidelines developed by AUTOSAR (AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture).

A 'switch' statement should have 'default' as the last label.

Adding a 'default' label at the end of every 'switch' statement makes the code clearer and guarantees that any possible case where none of the labels matches the value of the control variable will be handled. Since such situations have to be dealt with somehow, every 'default' label should contain (in addition to 'break' or 'throw') an expression or comment explaining why no actions are carried out.

Example 1:

void example_1(int i)
{
  switch (i)
  {
  case 1:
    DoSmth1();
    break;
  default: // <=
    DoSmth42();
    break;
  case 3:
    DoSmth3();
    break;
  }
}

Fixed code:

void example_1(int i)
{
  switch (i)
  {
  case 1:
    DoSmth1();
    break;
  case 3:
    DoSmth3();
    break;
  default:
    DoSmth42();
    break;
  }
}

Example 2:

enum WEEK
{
  SUNDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY
} weekDay;

void example_2()
{
  int isWorkday;

  switch (weekDay)
  {
  case MONDAY:
  case TUESDAY:
  case WEDNESDAY:
  case THURSDAY:
  case FRIDAY:
    isWorkday = 1;
    break;
  case SATURDAY:
  case SUNDAY:
    isWorkday = 0;
    break;
  default: // <=
    break;
}

Fixed code:

enum WEEK
{
  SUNDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY
} weekDay;

void example_2()
{
  int isWorkday;

  switch (weekDay)
  {
  case MONDAY:
  case TUESDAY:
  case WEDNESDAY:
  case THURSDAY:
  case FRIDAY:
    isWorkday = 1;
    break;
  case SATURDAY:
  case SUNDAY:
    isWorkday = 0;
    break;
  default:
    assert(false);
    break;
}

This diagnostic is classified as:

  • AUTOSAR-M6.4.6
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