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V3555. AUTOSAR. The 'static' storage cl…
Analyzer diagnostics
General Analysis (C++)
General Analysis (C#)
General Analysis (Java)
Diagnosis of micro-optimizations (C++)
Diagnosis of 64-bit errors (Viva64, C++)
MISRA errors
AUTOSAR errors
OWASP errors (C#)
Additional information
Contents

V3555. AUTOSAR. The 'static' storage class specifier should be used in all declarations of functions that have internal linkage.

Aug 04 2021

This diagnostic rule is based on the software development guidelines developed by AUTOSAR (AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture).

A function declared once with 'internal linkage', when redeclared or defined, will also have 'internal linkage'. This may not be obvious to developers, and therefore you should explicitly specify the 'static' specifier in each declaration and definition.

The following code does not comply with the rule, since the definition does not reflect the internal linkage type specified in the 'foo' function declaration with the 'static' keyword:

static void foo(int x);
void foo(int x)
{
  ....
}

According to the rule, the code fragment should be as follows:

static void foo(int x);
static void foo(int x)
{
  ....
}

In the example below, the definition of the 'foo' function with the 'extern' storage class specifier does not specify the 'external linkage' type, as it might seem. The linkage type remains 'internal linkage':

static void foo(int x);
extern void foo(int x)
{
  ....
}

The correct option:

extern void foo(int x);
extern void foo(int x)
{
  ....
}

This diagnostic is classified as:

  • AUTOSAR-M3.3.2
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