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C++ — programming language of the year …

C++ — programming language of the year 2022. What about other languages?

Jan 20 2023

Overtaking Python, C++ became the TIOBE's language of 2022. It outscored Rust, C#, Go and others by a large margin. Don't you find this weird? Well, let's figure this out.

1026_TIOBE_2022/image1.png

The rating we're talking about is based on the TIOBE index. Here's the table of the 20 most popular languages for January 2023:

1026_TIOBE_2022/image2.png

Here's the main question: why is C++ the language of 2022? According to the table, Python takes the first place in the rating.

Here's the answer: TIOBE chose the winner by the growth of the language popularity. In this regard, C++ is ahead of the curve.

Here's the top five leaders in popularity growth:

  • C++ (+4.62 %)
  • C (+3.82 %)
  • Python (+2.78 %)
  • Java (+1.55 %)
  • JavaScript (+0.78 %)

TIOBE gives several reasons explaining C++'s growing popularity. Although C++ is an OOP language, it provides excellent performance. Moreover, ISO constantly releases new standards. TIOBE points out that the language started going uphill since the C++11 publication. They also suppose that C++20 which introduced modules will probably lift C++ further in the TIOBE index in the next few years.

Here are a few more curious results from the TIOBE index:

  • Rust entered the Top 20 again (from #26 to #18);
  • F# jumped from position #74 to #33;
  • Lua jumped 6 positions from #30 to #24;
  • Kotlin jumped from #29 to #25.

Here are some thoughts that crossed my mind after viewing the table and reading the article:

  • Visual Basic takes position #6 — wait, what?! It's amusing to compare the absolute rating of VB (4.64%) with Go (1.14%) and Rust (0.61%).
  • It's a pity that C# gets only +0.05%. That's a scanty increase (especially when comparing it with Java).
  • I feel happy for F# — it made a great jump!
  • Some people are skeptical about TIOBE ratings because of the way they calculate the popularity of languages. And that's a fair point. The Visual Basic position in this index kind of suggests that their algorithm of choosing a language is not perfect. Well, perhaps C# has actually become more popular, who knows.
  • As Bjarne Stroustrup said: "There are only two kinds of languages: the ones people complain about and the ones nobody uses."
  • In case you're curious to learn about the most interesting bugs in projects written on different programming languages, here you are:

What are your thoughts on the rating?

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