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V6053. Collection is modified while ite…
Analyzer diagnostics
General Analysis (C++)
General Analysis (C#)
General Analysis (Java)
Diagnosis of micro-optimizations (C++)
Diagnosis of 64-bit errors (Viva64, C++)
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Additional information
Contents

V6053. Collection is modified while iteration is in progress. ConcurrentModificationException may occur.

25 Jul 2018

The analyzer has detected a collection that gets modified while being iterated, although it was not designed for concurrent modification. This may raise a 'ConcurrentModificationException'.

Consider several examples of faulty code.

Example 1:

List<Integer> mylist = new ArrayList<>();
....
for (Integer i : mylist)
{
  if (cond)
  {
    mylist.add(i * 2); 
  }
}

Example 2:

List<Integer> myList = new ArrayList<>();
....
Iterator iter = myList.iterator();
while (iter.hasNext())
{
  if (cond)
  {
    Integer i = (Integer) iter.next();
    myList.add(i * 2);
  }
}

Example 3:

Set<Integer> mySet = new HashSet<>();
....
mySet.stream().forEach(i -> mySet.add(i * 2));

However, the analyser will keep silent if a collection permits concurrent modification:

List<Integer> mylist = new CopyOnWriteArrayList<>();
....
for (Integer i : mylist)
{
  if (cond)
  {
    mylist.add(i + 1);
  }
}

It will also keep silent if the loop terminates immediately after the collection is modified:

List<Integer> mylist = new ArrayList<>();
....
for (Integer i : mylist)
{
  if (cond)
  {
    mylist.add(i + 1);
    break;
  }
}

This diagnostic is classified as:

  • CERT-MSC06-J

You can look at examples of errors detected by the V6053 diagnostic.

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