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V3157. Suspicious division. Absolute va…
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V3157. Suspicious division. Absolute value of the left operand is less than the right operand.

09 Avr 2020

The analyzer has detected one of the two types of integer operations – either a division or modulo operation – in which the absolute value of the left operand is always less than the absolute value of the right operand.

Such operations will return the following results:

  • division will always return 0;
  • modulo operation will always return the left operand.

Such an expression is very likely to contain an error or is simply redundant.

Consider the following contrived example:

public void Method()
{
  int a = 10;
  int b = 20;
  var c = a / b;
  ....
}

In this snippet, the 'a / b' expression will always evaluate to 0 since 'a < b'. To turn this expression into a real division operation, we need to cast the type of the 'a' variable to 'double':

public void Method()
{
  int a = 10;
  int b = 20;
  var c = (double)a / b;
  ....
}

The following example is taken from a real program:

public override Shipper CreateInstance(int i)
{
  ....
  return new Shipper 
  {
    ....
    DateCreated = new DateTime(i + 1 % 3000, // <=
                               (i % 11) + 1, 
                               (i % 27) + 1, 
                               0, 
                               0, 
                               0, 
                               DateTimeKind.Utc),
    ....
  };
}

The error here has to do with the wrong assumption about operation precedence. In the 'i + 1 % 3000' expression, the '1 % 3000' part will be evaluated first, thus always returning 1. Therefore, the value of the 'i' variable will always be added to 1. This is one way to fix this bug:

public override Shipper CreateInstance(int i)
{
  ....
  return new Shipper 
  {
    ....
    DateCreated = new DateTime((i + 1) % 3000, // <=
                               (i % 11) + 1, 
                               (i % 27) + 1, 
                               0, 
                               0, 
                               0, 
                               DateTimeKind.Utc),
    ....
  };
}

Here is another real-life example:

private void ValidateMultiRecords(StorageEnvironment env, 
                                  IEnumerable<string> trees, 
                                  int documentCount, 
                                  int i)
{
  for (var j = 0; j < 10; j++)
  {
    foreach (var treeName in trees)
    {
      var tree = tx.CreateTree(treeName);
      using (var iterator = tree.MultiRead((j % 10).ToString())) // <=
      {
        ....
      }
    }
  }
}

In this snippet, the 'j' variable is incremented over the range [0..9]. Therefore, the result of the 'j % 10' expression will always be equal to the value of 'j'. This is what the simpler correct version may look like:

private void ValidateMultiRecords(StorageEnvironment env, 
                                  IEnumerable<string> trees, 
                                  int documentCount, 
                                  int i)
{
  for (var j = 0; j < 10; j++)
  {
    foreach (var treeName in trees)
    {
      var tree = tx.CreateTree(treeName);
      using (var iterator = tree.MultiRead(j.ToString())) // <=
      {
        ....
      }
    }
  }
}

This diagnostic is classified as:

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